Students should be writing in every curriculum, every day. Students in every class should have frequent opportunities for literacy, which includes writing, reading, listening, and speaking, in a variety of contexts, for and with a variety of audiences.
n response to the need of students to learn content using a variety of strategies, and their need to practice writing in a variety of contexts, many teachers have adopted the strategies associated with “Writing Across the Curriculum” (WAC).
The basic principles that underlie “Writing Across the Curriculum” include:
- Writing promotes learning.
- Integration of writing and the writing process promotes student participation, a diversity of student voices, and engages students as critical thinkers while promoting their texts as important resources and thinking tools.
- Effective writing instruction incorporates all disciplines.
- The opportunity to write in every class develops good writers.
- Using writing as part of instruction can be used in every classroom.
- Only by practicing the thinking and writing conventions of an academic discipline will students begin to communicate effectively within that discipline.
Writing is not simply a process of developing an essay. Writing across the curriculum is an effort to use writing to demonstrate knowledge and understanding. At times, using writing to learn can show a disconnect in a student’s understanding of a concept. Writing can also show a student’s mastery of a concept. Specific strategies can be used to help students understand, retain, master, and synthesize learning.
– Source: Michigan Department of Education
RESOURCES FOR WAC
English Language Arts Resources http://www.bcps.org/offices/lis/writing/secondary/docs/ELA_WAC_263481_7.pdf
Social Studies Resources http://www.bcps.org/offices/lis/writing/secondary/docs/SSWAC_225020_7.pdf
Science Resources http://michigan.gov/documents/mde/Science_WAC_2_3_264454_7.pdf
The National Writing Project Resources http://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource_topic/writing_across_the_curriculum
North Carolina Public Schools Writing Across the Curriculum Handbook http://www.dpi.state.nc.us/docs/curriculum/languagearts/secondary/writing/writinghandbook.pdf
Northern Nevada Writing Project WAC Resources for all curriculum http://writingfix.com/WAC.htm
Perdue OWL (online writing lab) https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/677/1/
WVDE instructional writing rubrics http://wvde.state.wv.us/teach21/InstructionalWritingRubrics.html